ESR/ESOR Fundamentals of Radiological Research 2023/24

5 - Bias, confounding and other flaws

February 6, 2024 | 13:30 CET


This session is aimed at the critical assessment of published literature, in particular on radiological research and AI.

Learning objectives:

  • To learn how to critically appraise research publications, e.g., detecting bias, confounding, etc.
  • To understand the use of reporting guidelines from Equator, not just for writing but also for reading research articles.
  • To know that levels of evidence are impacted by study design as well as reporting of findings.


13:30 – 13:35 Introduction
13:35 – 14:15 Presentation by Laure Fournier
14:15 – 14:30 Q&A


ESR/ESOR Fundamentals of Radiological Research

Suitable for any ESR member interested in undertaking research, but with a particular focus on those early in their careers. This course consists of 5 online sessions led by luminaries in the field and aims to present some of the fundamental aspects of radiological research.

On-Demand availability

You will find the on-demand recording of this course in the "My Courses" section of your ESR Connect account. The recording will be available until February 13, 2024. With the Premium Education Package, the recording will be available until December 31, 2024.

How to collect CME credits

A CME certificate will be issued automatically if the following criteria are met: 

- You need to attend the course online via live stream in full length.

- You have to complete the electronic evaluation questionnaire. To do so, please click the “Course Evaluation” button displayed on the right column of the course page or go to the section “My Evaluation” of your ESR Connect account.

Evaluation is open from February 6, 14:30 CET until February 13, 23:59 CET and CME certificates can be downloaded in your ESR Connect user area under 'My Certificates'.